love. the next world cup host goes on a charm offensive in brazil. - first, iraq's sunni rebellion is making major gains in the country's west, and are pushing closer to baghdad. they are about 60km from the capital. we are hearing that the iraqi army is retreating. they have taken two towns along a major road. it links with the syrian border to a town captured on saturday. fighters say they have full control of the country's largest oil refinery in baiji. it is disputed by the army. >> the two sides are fighting. it returns north of cab uba -
moosual, tikrit and fallujah are in rebel hands. let's bring in imran khan live from baghdad. what is the latest from there, imran? >> what i can tell you, and looks like anbar province is coming under the control of the islamic state of iraq and levant. when they took over alcrime's town on the border, they moved down the road to two more towns. they tried to negotiate going into another town, and they couldn't - they asked the sunni sheikhs to leave peacefully. when it happened, iraqi army disappeared, moving to another town, to a military base. also moving further down on the road to jordan from baghdad to jordan, taking over a couple of towns. anbar province looks like it's
coming under the yol of islamic state of iraq and levant -- control of islamic state of iraq and levant. >> there must be a high level of pessimism in the capital about the way the iraqi army is behaving. >> that's absolutely right. there's no concrete plan about what the government is going to do about towns like mosul and talla far. the army says it's in control. that is refuted. it's difficult to hold the towns when you capture them because of the fact that i.s.i.l. and the sunni rebels are in control. they cut off the iraqis, from getting to baghdad. it's a problem for the iraqi army trying to come up with a strategy. we have seen a mass recruitment in the south. a lot are saying this the recruits are there to defend the south, moving it to the north means that there's a sectarian element to all of this.
they don't want to be fighting in sunni territories. >> is the thinking in baghdad that the sunni rebels want to take the capital. >> i'm finding it difficult to hear your question. i think what you are asking me is what the thinking in baghdad is. right now everyone is in a mode of deciding what they'll do next the the americans are sending in advisors to advise the troops and the iranians are doing the same. everyone is a holding pattern trying to despite what the n best move is. there has been a shoot-out between south korean troops and a shoulder who shot and killed five. a platoon leader has been injured close to an elementary school. there's a manhunt close to the border with north korea.
harry fawcett joins me live from seoul. another shooting. what happened? >> what we have been told by the defence ministerry is that there has been a shoot-out which started at 2:23 local time, which is over an hour and a half ago, and that this happened near a check point near a school, which is in the city, a town of munkarey up in the north-east, close to the civilian line of control, sort of a line south of the demilitarized zone. there has been checkpoints stationed in many of these areas in case this man, sergeant lim, who is a conscript. someone doing his mandatory two years national service, in case he tried to get to populated areas away from the mountainous region in which he was serving at the outpost.
what we understand is that it happened at 2:23. a platoon leader was shot in the arm. there was other reports from local media citing residence saying more than 10 shots were fired on each side trying to persuade the man to surrender. there were reports of the helicopter in the air above. it could be that the long manhunt after the shoot-out inside an outpost has a little way to run. is it clear why the conscript, the sergeant, started to shoot in the first place? >> no, it's not. there has been no motive given for the event. what we do know is he was coming off a guard shift, coming back to barracks. last night, around 8 o'clock and
it was then the shooting began. five killed. seven injured. all of them now said to be out of danger. what we do know is that he was under special assessment for supposed problems with adapting to military life. all new recruits are safetied on the grounds when they join up for the national service. this man was under assessment and was given a category a risk assessment, which means he wouldn't have been allowed to put on a front line post and have access to live ammunition. he was downgraded to a category b in november. since then, he has been posted to this outpost south of the demilitarized zone. >> perhaps they ought to re-examine their risk assessment strategy.
harry fawcett, thank you for joining us. israeli forces killed a 27-year-old palestinian man in the occupied west bank as the search for three teenagers goes on. he was killed in neb u lus on saturday night. three palestinians have been killed by the israelis since the teenagers went missing. a fourth has been killed, it's unclear whether he was shot by israeli or palestinian forces. jane ferguson joins us from jerusalem. bring us up to date with the latest shooting. >> well, as you pointed out. there was a third death in nebualous in clashes with the army. there was a fourth death in ramallah. it's not clear whether that person was killed. whether they were killed by israeli fire or fire from palestinian security forces.
both are accusing the other. the israelis - they are saying that they are not familiar with the case. it is not clear who is responsible for the fourth death. it reflects the tension across the west bank. it's the bigst most significant israeli occupation in the wang for -- in the west bank for 10 years. there has been night raids and arrests in the search. arrests number 420 since the teenagers went missing. >> jane ferguson there. thank you for joining us. hundreds of homeless in soo paulo set up camp in vacant land in an affluent suburb. it's the latest protest over soaring house prices and public
funds used for the world cup. a winner for the world cup is weeks ago, but the host is starting preparations. russia hopes the opportunity will repair ties between the east and west, particularly after the criticism over crimea. far from a conflict in ukraine, 30,000 russians are cheering on their team in its first world cup bid in 12 years. we have this report. >> the russians are coming to brazil to project a hospitable image before hosting the 2018 world cup. at the inauguration of the first russia house in latin america, the vodka was flowing. and the visitors were glowing with admiration at the exhibit of every world cup football since the tournament's inception. 30,000 russian fans may come to cheer on the team.
>> we all here for russia. >> reporter: never mind that russia's performance thus far has been anything but memberable. in the old days the muscovites were measured by their ability to excel in sports. something that vladimir putin is committed. when it comes to football, russia is taking a big leap of faith. >> we finally qualified, first time in 12 years, it has to be a surprise, astonishing. >> reporter: at the russia houses passion for football onverges for diplomacy, and russia's influence far if their usual sphere. >> russia's influence is growing. as you mentioned, we have some projects especially related.
>> like a good diplomat... >> we are dreaming to have the final between russia and brazil. >> more proof that russia is a nation with strong ambitions. still to come on this programme - adding muscle and money - we report on how china is nurturing its investment in south sudan. and it's called the emergency cinema, a genre putting the syrians in the spotlight. r
you welcome back. a reminder of the top stories on al jazeera. sunni fighters in iraq are making major advances towards the western province of baghdad. the iraqi army retreated following the fall of two towns. the area is about 60km from baghdad. there has been a shooting and a shoot-out between south korean troops and a shoulder who shot and killed five other soldiers on saturday. four palestinians have been killed as the israeli army is searching for three israeli teenagers. they went missing near west bank settlement on june the 12th. back to the top story, the turm i will in iraq. the soiny rebels are made up of
many groups. al jazeera spoke to a former major general under saddam hussein, who is helping the rebels. >> reporter: the revolutionaries can only give up their weapons after taking the goals: the stated goals for i.s.i.l., the rebel group leading the sunni rebellion in iraq is different. i.s.i.l. wants to establish a muslim calafat across the muslim world. i.s.i.l. was part of al qaeda, until it was removed for being too violent. the group is fighting in syria and posted a video online, showing children in combat training.
dominic kane reports. >> reporter: a group of syrian children heads for a summer camp. this is not a school-based trip. they are learning to fight for the islamic state of iraq and levant. this video posted online on saturday is said to be filmed by the group recently. the children are encouraged to familiarise themselves with weapons, and then to fire them. others are instructed in religious thought and pledge their allegiance. >> translation: this is a message to the leaders of jihad in the islamic nation and amir, abu bacar - saying we will spend u lives in jihad and never give up. >> reporter: pictures like these are the latest of a number of videos uploaded by the i.s.i.l. in recent days.
on thursday this footage was posted of what appeared to be british and australian fighters calling on wrn muslims -- western muslims to join the campaign. >> this is the land of the living. we have brothers from bank , iraq, cambodia, australia, u.k. nothing gathered us except this. that's all we came for. >> reporter: with images like this, i.s.i.l.'s intention may be to give the impression that it is now the leading armed group in syria and iraq and is establishing its own state. some analysts reject that. >> most syrians view i.s.i.l. as an extreme group on the fringe of islam which is acting in an islamic way. this is why i don't agree that i.s.i.l. is more successful in
syria. on the ground the fighting is intense. these pictures were filmed by al jazeera in the suburbs of damascus in the past few days. rebel fighters prepare an operation to clear government forces from an outpost. the u.n. believes that after three years of fighting more than 10 million syrians need help. that is almost half of the preuprising population. president vladimir putin expressed support for a ceasefire, and said the peace plan must be supported by concrete negotiations. they are hoping for an oath of allegiance for the donetsk people's republic. the fighters dismissed a week-long truce, and are accusing the army of violating a ceasefire. >> a funding dispute is
threatening the future of u.n. peacekeeping operations. if diplomat fail to strike a deal there won't be a budget for the 16 missions around the world. james bays reports. the u.n. has peacekeepers in 16 missions around the world. their authorised strength is reaching a high over 100,000 troops in u.n. blue helmets. now there's a major funding crisis. diplomats can't agree on the budget. if there's not a deal when the budget runs out. peacekeepers have no money and will not be able to operate. most of the troops come from the developing world. this is a row that is pitching the world's richest countries against some of the poorest on earth. this is the ambassador of bangladesh, a country with more
than 8,000 personnel serving with the u.n. >> bangladesh is obligated to help the u.n. when the u.n. ask us, we respond positively. when our troops cannot get minimum what should i say, facilities, then it is demoralizing. we want our guys to be fully equipped and energised to perform the job effectively and efficiently. >> reporter: the dispute over funding comes at a time when the u.n. must find more troops in mallee and south sudan, and keep up a peacekeeping operation in the central african republic. there hasn't been a major increase in money paid to countries that contribute troops. currently the u.n. pays $1,200 per peace keeper, per month. some want it increased to as much as $1,700 per peace keeper per month.
the total for the counter peacekeeping budget ending in a week is $7.3 billion. but next year it could rise to $9 billion. negotiations will continue in the coming days. in the supreme irony because talks have gone on, there's no budget left for translators or support stuff. they won't be meeting in these corridors, instead they'll have informal meeting outside. one of those mission assist in south sudan. china agreed to help, promising to contribute 850 soldiers, part of a plan to protect chinese commercial interests in south sudan - oil in particular. from the south sudan capital juba, anita mcnaught reports. >> reporter: china is adding muscle and funny to south sudan. china's ambassador opens the camp his country built for south
sudanese homeless by fighting. this is a new level of enknajment for -- engagement for a country that is traditionally hands off. >> it does not mean standing by when the people of a country face disaster. >> reporter: china has been firm in its message to south sudan's warring parties. >> ceasefire. stop fighting. >> reporter: but the 8,500 u.n. peacekeepers are overstretched. with a return to violence in south sudan still a real threat, china agreed to do even more. after extensive negotiations, china is to send an infantry battalion of 850 soldiers to add weight and firepower to the u.n. peacekeepers. china has a stake in the oil industry. china is willing to help the u.n., if the u.n. keeps the oil
fields safe. chinese private business and government invests here, but half the country's workers fled the violence over the past six months. the owners of this market garden lost casual customers, but supply hotels. they have a 15 year lease and are digging in for the long haul. >> we want to capitalize to benefit not us, but people of the country. this is social responsibility. >> reporter: in a pragmatic policy shift, china said it halted arms sales to the south sudan army until both sides stop fighting. the principle in south sudan says the ambassador is... >> not export any arms or weapons to the conflict countries. >> reporter: china halted discussions over a loan to the government. in theory these initiatives give
china more influence. the risk is that it increases china's exposure if the fighting massacres continue. david shinn is a former united nations ambassador who writes on china's role in africa and he explained that china wants to see oil production in south sudan back to its full capacity. >> china inherently wants stability in sudan and south sudan, but it wants it for its own interests also. it has significant interests in the oil sector, in both sudan and south sudan, and it is therefore, to its - in its interests if it were to ensure that stability exists there, so the oil can be pumped. most of which goes to china. they receive most of their imported oil from other sources
than sudan and south sudan. when sudan and south sudan are producing at their peak, which they are not at the moment, china gets 5% of its imported oil from the two locations. oil production is down. it's down by - to almost a third of normal production in south sudan. so they are - there already is a significant reduction. obviously china would like to get the oil online. in egypt more than 180 supporters of the muslim brotherhood had death sentences confirmed in court. among the defendants is a spiritual guide. he and other senior figures face execution by hanging. they are accused of attacking a police station last year. a verdict in the trial of threes al jazeera journalist is expected in the next 24 hours. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed have been behind bars for 176 days, accused of collaborating with
the outlawed muslim brotherhood. the egyptian prosecutor asked for the maximum sentences meaning peter greste 7 years, and mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed facing 15 years. al jazeera rejects the charges and continues to demand the release of its journalists. preventing attacks on cultural sites is part of the agenda at the 38th session of the world heritage committee, at a meeting in qatar they expressed concerns. the civil war in syria ruined a number of historic landmarks. qatar says it's donating $10 million to protect heritage sites from arrest and natural disasters. three years of conflict in syria produced a new gren re. the films are short, the film-makers anonymous. the work is getting into national recognition in new
york. >> families eating. children being children. young men talking. ab rue najura calls their work emergency cinema. >> emergency cinema is just like emergency medicine. you have to intervene quickly to save the image of your society. we wanted to show people with dignity. we wanted to show people without reducing them being victims. >> reporter: the contrast of people living in extraordinary circumstances provides coverage like these siblings playing in a tent that is their home. or the unseen cameraman trying to cross a war-ravaged street,
guarded by snipers. a selection of abu's films was part of the human rights watch festival, a chance to bring the daily life in syria to an emergency life far removed. organizers hope it will raise awareness of the humanitarian crisis in syria. >> reporter: does america have an apathy to syria. >> i would say it's true. i would say the unique stories can break through that. >> reporter: members remain anonymous, working in a so they with heavy centaurship, but they insist the work is not political. the award-winning story reveals the agony of a fighter who believes he killed an innocent man. >> we just need that people say
wow, it's a good film. that's all. >> when it comes to convoying the human cost of syria's war, it may be enough. there is the website, aljazeera.com. it is the site to click on to. >> gang rape, among the most shocking of violent crime is stirring a global outrage. throughout asia, it is believed to be far more common than most people think. >> rape is a major problem in all countries across this region. >> women's experiences of violence are well documented,